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Gonadotropins are often used for women who don’t ovulate due to problems with their pituitary gland. Menotropins acts directly on the ovaries to stimulate ovulation.
Gonadotropins (Gonadotrophin, Gn) are glycoprotein polypeptide hormones secreted by gonadotrope cells of the anterior pituitary of vertebrates. This family includes the mammalian hormones follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and placental/chorionic gonadotropins, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG). These hormones are central to the complex endocrine system that regulates normal growth, sexual development, and reproductive function. LH and FSH are secreted by the anterior pituitary gland, while hCG and eCG are secreted by the placenta in pregnant humans and mares, respectively. The gonadotropins act on the gonads, controlling gamete and sex hormone production.
There are various preparations of gonadotropins for therapeutic use, mainly as fertility medication – when the body don’t produce enough FSH and LH (hormones needed for ovulation). These injected hormone medications encourage the ovaries to release more than one egg at a time. Like clomiphene, it works only if your infertility is caused by failure of the ovary to release eggs.
Gonadotropin also can help to ovulate in situation when body didn’t respond to Clomiphene.